Few research possess examined the association between nutritional sugar obesity and
Few research possess examined the association between nutritional sugar obesity and intake in Asian children and adolescents. = 0.0113). Sugar-sweetened drink (SSB) consumption had not been connected with weight problems in women, while boys got lower chances ratios for weight problems (OR for weight problems, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.26C1.05; for craze = 0.0310). 181695-72-7 IC50 These outcomes claim that total sugar and SSB intake in Asian kids and adolescents continues to be fairly low and sugars intake from dairy and fruits can be connected with a decreased risk of overweight or obesity, especially in girls.  reported that Korean adolescents followed a secular trend from the traditional Korean diet to a Western diet between 1998 and 2005, which is usually associated with obesity. One characteristic of this shift to a Western diet is usually higher dietary sugar intake from processed foods. Recently, a number of studies investigated the association of sugar intake with weight gain or obesity. Based on a meta-analysis of 15 cohort studies that included children, high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) at baseline was associated with an increased risk of overweight or obesity at follow-up , but no study included Asian 181695-72-7 IC50 children. Several studies examined sugar intake in Asian children but focused on sugar intake from SSBs [13,14,15]. According to the 2010C2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), the sugar intake of Korean children and adolescents gradually increased from 66.5 g to 69.6 g in six- to 11-year-olds and 76.5 g to 80.0 g in 12- to 18-year-olds and was highest in adolescents aged 12C18 years Rabbit Polyclonal to RAB11FIP2 among all age groups [16,17]. Considering the increasing trend in sugar intake, examining the associations of pediatric obesity with dietary sugar intake in the Asian population is necessary. Thus, in this study we evaluated dietary sugars and their food sources and analyzed the association of glucose intake with weight problems in Korean kids and children. 2. Strategies 2.1. Research Inhabitants and Data Collection Data had been extracted from five research executed on Korean kids and children between 2002 and 2011. Addition requirements for the supplementary data evaluation had been the fact that scholarly research evaluated quantitative eating data, which included a lot more than three days of dietary records for adolescents and children without the diseases. All five research 181695-72-7 IC50 utilized the same protocols to assess eating consumption and included anthropometric data, although outcome variables such as for example bone tissue nutrient density or food allergy different among the scholarly research. Information on the five research have already been referred to [18 previously,19,20,21,22], as well as the outline of every scholarly research is given in Appendix Desk A1. The original test included 4953 children and kids 9C14 years recruited from seven primary institutions, two middle institutions and a pediatric middle through the college or university medical center in or close to the Seoul metropolitan area. Inclusion criteria were if a subject completed at least three or more days of dietary records and general demographics such as age and gender without any specific disease (= 4088). Among the 4088 eligible subjects, we excluded those with missing information regarding anthropometric measurements such as height and weight (= 95) and missing data for maternal education (= 1255) and physical activity (= 139). 181695-72-7 IC50 The final sample consisted of 2599 children and adolescents (1048 males and 1551 girls) 9C14 years of age. This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Seoul National University, Republic of Korea, and written informed consent was extracted from all individuals (E1501/001-010). 2.2. Eating Glucose and Dimension Consumption Eating data were gathered by eating records for 3C7 times. Each subject matter was instructed on how best to record dietary details personally by a tuned employee and asked to full three times or even more including one weekend time. The completed nutritional records were evaluated by trained personnel and imperfect or unclear information were clarified using the subjects on the interview. All nutritional intakes were computed using the CAN-Pro 3.0 (Pc Aided Nutritional Analysis Program, the Korean Diet Society) or DS24 (Seoul National University in Korea) software program. To judge the adequacy of nutritional intake, the Eating Guide Intakes for Koreans  was utilized and energy intake was weighed against age group- and gender-specific Approximated Energy Necessity (EER); other nutrition were weighed against the Suggested Nutrient Consumption (RNI). Daily glucose intake was computed utilizing a total glucose database recently set up for Korean foods by Lee  and extended in this research. However, the data source only provides the total glucose amount for every food item; as a result, added sugars and non-milk 181695-72-7 IC50 extrinsic sugar intake could not be calculated..