The aim of this study was to develop a scale for
The aim of this study was to develop a scale for assessing and predicting adolescents physical activity behavior in Spain and Luxembourg using the Theory of Planned Behavior like a framework. = 0.735 to = 0.952 in the Luxembourgish sample. For both samples, inter-factor correlations were all reported significant and positive, except for Element 5 where they were significant but bad. The high internal consistency of the subscales, the reported item test-retest reliabilities and the identical factor structure confirm the adequacy of the elaborated questionnaire for assessing the TPB-based constructs when used with a human population of adolescents in Spain and Luxembourg. The results give some indicator that they may have value in measuring the hypothesized TPB constructs for PA behavior inside a cross-cultural context. Key points When using the organized alternative format, fragile JIP-1 internal regularity was acquired. Rephrasing the items and scoring items on a Likert-type scale enhanced greatly the subscales reliability. Identical factorial structure was extracted for both culturally different samples. The obtained factors, namely perceived physical competence, parents physical activity, perceived resources support, attitude toward physical activity and perceived parental support were hypothesized as for the original TPB constructs. Key terms: Psychology, general public health, behavior, assessment, physical activity. Intro Physical activity (PA) is a vital part of 5058-13-9 IC50 a healthy lifestyle and has been extensively recorded and associated with health benefits (Division of 5058-13-9 IC50 Health, 2004; Welk, 2002). It is recommended that youth should carry out at least 60 moments of moderate-to-vigorous PA on most (National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2004), if not all (Division of Health and Ageing, 2004), days of the week. However, there is evidence that adolescents do not engage in adequate PA to accomplish health benefits (Vehicle Mechelen et al., 2000; Varo et al., 2003). This situation underlines the need to dedicate more attention to the factors explaining the adoption of PA, which may include past PA behavior, intention to be literally active, perceived health benefits, motivation, self-efficacy, support by significant others, family influences, peer influences, convenience of sport facilities and attitude toward PA. This concern is particularly important during adolescence due to the quick decrease of PA participation between the age groups of 12 – 15 years (B?s et al., 2006; Kj?nniksen et al., 2008; Piern et al., 1999). Even different cultures, like Luxembourg and Spain do not deviate from this inclination. As adolescents grow older, PA decreases to the degree that in Luxembourg at the age of 17 years, only 58% are literally active in their leisure time, whereas almost 71% professed to practice regular PA at the age of 14 years (B?s et al., 2006). In Spain the situation is even more alarming (Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, 2007) and should be considered a challenge for our society since todays sedentary adolescents may become the inactive adults of the future. A theory that has been frequently used for predicting and explaining PA behavior is the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1985; 1991). The TPB offers proven to be useful in exploring the antecedents of PA in young people and adults in different populations and nations (Hagger et al., 2001; 2002). In Spain several studies (e.g., Esp, 2004; Gil et al., 2004; Montil, 2004) used the TPB inside a PA website, whereas, to day, no such study has been carried out in Luxembourg. This theory appeared to be appropriate for our requirements as it tackled our major areas of concern: attitude toward PA, sociable influences, understanding of control over PA behavior and intention to practise PA. The TPB suggests that intention to engage inside a behavior is the main determinant of behavior. Intention is definitely conceived as the summary motivation to perform a behavior and 5058-13-9 IC50 mediates the influence of the three main TPB constructs.